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Limosa Harlequin Frog (Atelopus limosus)

This species of endangered toad is endemic to Panama and is found on the banks of streams in humid lowland tropical forests and rivers of the Chagres basin in central Panama. It belongs to the toads’ family, and its scientific name is Atelopus limosus. It has two color forms, being more striking the one of higher lands which is green and yellow with black or dark brown chevrons.

This toad is threatened by habitat loss and chytridiomycosis, an infectious disease that affects amphibians, caused by a fungus. This disease is so serious that the dramatic decline in amphibian populations is attributed to it, and it is considered that it can lead to the extinction of these populations. Amphibians are important to ecosystems because they are environmental indicators and insect controllers. Little is known about the diet of this toad, but it is likely that they feed on beetles, ants, flies and mites. This species is diurnal and is typically found on the slopes and on the shores of narrow rock…

Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps)


Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) - male

The Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) is a species in the antbirds family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and found in lower levels, occasionally with mixed species flocks.  In Panama, it's uncommon on entire Caribbean slope and in the Pacific slope from eastern Panama Province eatward.

Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) feeds largely on arthropods gathered by gleaning or with short sallies

Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) - male

It is plump and short-tailed with a hooked bill and grayish iris. Male is pearly bluish-gray with diagnostic white spotting on the crown and wings.

Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) it's the only antbird with spotted crown in Panama



Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) - female



Female is browner overall, especially on the crown. They are typically found in pairs.


Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) - female

It is the only antvireo with a streaked crown and pale eye, which are present in both sexes. It occurs in evergreen forest in lowlands and foothills, generally at lower elevations than the sympatric Plain Antvireo (D. mentalis). It inhabits the understory and is easiest to detect by checking through mixed flocks or listening through its song, a loud, fast, accelerating series of whistles. 

Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) - female

Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) - female


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