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Russet-winged Schiffornis (Schiffornis stenorhyncha)

Russet-winged Schiffornis is one of five species that formerly were united under the name Thrush-like Schiffornis (Schiffornis turdina); the other members of this group are Northern Schiffornis (S. veraepacis), Olivaceous Schiffornis (S. olivacea), Foothill Schiffornis (S. aenea), and Brown-winged Schiffornis (S. turdina). 

Russet-winged Schiffornis is a representative of this group that occurs from central Panama east across northern Colombia to western and northern Venezuela. All species in this group have similar, dull plumages, being primarily brown or olive brown, with paler underparts, and prominent large dark eyes. Although all members of the group also are poorly known, Russet-winged Schiffornis probably is one of the least studied members of the complex. This is a relatively low density species that occupies the understory of terra firme forests, most often foraging within 1-2 m of the ground, and typically is solitary. The clear whistled song is heard far more often than th…

Featured Species: Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata)

Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) - male

The Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) is a widespread member of the Manakin family that is characterized by its rich blue crown. It measures 8 to 9 cm (3.15" to 3.54”).



Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) - male

It ranges from the Pacific slope of Costa Rica and Panama south to northwestern Ecuador, as well as through much of western Amazonia including eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, southern Colombia and Venezuela, and south through western Brazil to northern Bolivia. Throughout much of its range, the overall plumage is sooty black with a blue crown, but in southeastern Peru, southwestern Brazil and northern Bolivia, the body is almost lime green with a yellow lower belly, and lighter blue crown. Iris rather dark brown-red.


Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) - male

Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) - male

It is found mainly in subtropical or tropical humid lowland forests, mature secondary woodland and heavily degraded former forest to 1,400 m (4,590 ft), mostly below 1,000 m (3,280 ft). In Panama it’s common on entire Caribbean slope; also on Pacific slope in western Chiriquí, from Canal Area eastward to Colombia, and Veraguas’ foothills; found in lower levels of forest.


Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) - female

Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) - female

It overlaps with a number of other lowland manakins throughout its range. Female manakins always present a challenge in identification, but female Blue-crowned is noticeably “blue-green” in coloration, as compared to either olive-green or even grayish-green in other species. Leks of Blue-crowned Manakin are not as concentrated as they are with many manakin species, with calling males widely distributed through the forest. 


Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) - female

It mainly forages by hover-gleaning small fruits; also insects. Items plucked from foliage or twigs in flight.

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